Is it necessary to give the names of all the shareholders in an animal to the person slaughtering the animal?
This may not be deemed as necessary, however, it is important for the shareholders to know in which animal are their shares, and which animal is known to be their sacrificed animal. It is also important for the slaughterer to know who are the persons taking the shares in a certain animal. If he does not have this knowledge, then a lot of confusion can come about when a few large animals have been slaughtered, and no one knows as to which animal his/her share may be in.
It is also narrated that after slaughtering the animal, one should say ‘O Allah accept this sacrifice from us’- at this time, one should say the names of those who have share in the animal. Anas (RA) narrates that the Prophet (SAS) sacrificed two lambs and while sacrificing the first one, he turned towards the Qibla and said Bismillah Allahu Akbar, Allahumma Haza an Muhammad wa an Ale Muhammad (that is, after saying the Bismillah, he said, ‘O Allah this is from Muhammad and from the family of Muhammad). (Badai’us Sana’i vol.5 pg.80). It is also narrated that when Ali (RA) slaughtered animals for Qurbani, he also said, ‘O Allah accept this from Ali’ (Badai’us Sana’i vol.5 pg.80).
These narrations show that one should call the names of those persons who have shares in an animal, and one will also do so while slaughtering a small animal like a goat or a sheep. Once the names are going to be mentioned in the dua, it means that one will have to submit the names to the person slaughtering the animal or may stand close to the animal and mention the names in the dua.
And Allah knows best,
Mufti Waseem Khan