Q. If a Shia person gives only the khutbah during Jumuah Salaah and the salaah is led by someone from Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah, is the Jumuah Salaah valid, or is the entire Jumuah invalid for the followers? What should be done if the Salaah is invalid?
A. In the case mentioned, the Jumma is not valid. The khutba of Jumma is an essential part of the duty imposed upon Muslims and it cannot be regarded as a simple lecture or sermon.
According to some of the Salafus Saaliheen (pious predecessors), the khutba takes the place of two fard rakaats of the Zuhr salaah, which is compulsory on a daily basis besides the day of Friday. This is based on the understanding that before the establishment of the Jumma pray/khutba, the Muslims along with the Prophet (S.A.W.) used to perform the Zuhr salaah which comprised of four rakaats of farz salaah. However, when the Jumma salaah became established, these four rakaats were replaced by two fard rakaats of Jumma and the Jumma khutba.
With this understanding, it shows that both the Jumma salaah as well as the khutba, constitute two essential acts of worship which are required to be done on the day of Jumma. It is therefore essential, that both be valid and in accordance to the teachings of Islam.
In the case mentioned above, the khutba delivered by a Shia will not be valid, since he belongs to a sect which is either deviated or totally out of Islam (as mentioned by the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah). And seeing that the khutba is invalid, the entire jumma will be affected for the followers.
Khutba is Fard (compulsory) for Jum’ah and the one delivering the khutba must be from among those who can become an Imam for the jum’ah salaah. Here, in this situation, the Shia cannot become an Imam for the salaah of jum’ah and hence, cannot be entrusted to fulfill the compulsory duty of delivering the khutba to the Muslims.
Due to the invalidation of the khutba, the entire jum’ah has been affected, as such, the followers must now perform Zuhr Salaah of that day as Qaza.
And Allah knows best.
Mufti Waseem Khan