I had various questions pertaining to the rules of tajweed & dhikr:
1. Does the word ‘La’ in the kalima have a madd on it, as sometimes I see it written with a madd & at other times I see it written without a madd?
2. If there is a madd on it, what is the duration of the stretch?
3. Is it true that in tasbihats & masnoon duas such as Durood Ibrahim, other Duroods, 3rd Kalima etc, there is no gunna, ikhfa & madds?
4. When reciting the tasbeeh of ruku & sajdah, Soobhanu Rabbiyul Adheem, Soobhanu Rabbiyul A’la, is there qalqala on the letter ‘Ba’ as there would be in the Qur’an.
As Salaamu Alaikum,
All praises are for Allah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah (SAS).
With Allah’s help, the following is the answer to your question:-
The laws of Tajweed and Qirat are connected to recitation of the Holy Quran.
The laws like madd, gunna, ikhfa, etc. would apply when reciting the Holy Quran.
In duas, Zikr, Tasbeehats etc. one will pronounce them in accordance with the rules of the Arabic language (Fatawa Mahmoodiya vol.3 pg. 495). This means that they must be recited with the proper Arabic words, letters and vowels as they are written and ought to be pronounced.
Hence, there is no requirement to recite the ‘laa’ in the ‘kalima’ with madd. In a similar manner, there is no requirement to recite tasbihaats, masnoon duas, daroods, kalimas, tasbeeh of Ruku and Sajda etc, with gunna, ikhfa, madd or qalqala.
It will be good to recite them in this manner, but it is not a requirement. It must however be noted that Arabic words/letters must not be pronounced in a manner that brings about a change in the way the word was spelled or written.
And Allah knows best,
Mufti Waseem Khan