عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى
اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلْيَقُلْ
خَيْرًا أَوْ لِيَصْمُتْ وَمَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلَا
يُؤْذِ جَارَهُ وَمَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلْيُكْرِمْ
Abu Hurairah (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) said: The Messeger of Allah (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said: ‘Whoever believes in Allah and the last day, then he should say only good things or he should remain silent; and whoever believes in Allah and the last day, then he should not harm his neighbour; and whoever believes in Allah and the last day then he should honour his guest.
(Bukhaari, Hadith # 6475, page 1812, Publisher Altaaf and sons’)
In this narration we can see that by saying “whoever believes in Allah and the last day” the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) indicates that these are some of the qualities and entities that constitute one’s Imaan.
From this, the scholars have stated that the entities of Iman are connected to either the rights of Allah like Salaah and Hajj or connected to our brothers, like honouring one’s guest, neighbours and refraining from ill speech.
In connection to safe guarding one’s speech, Mu’adh bin Jabal رضي الله عنه) ) has narrated that the Messenger (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) of Allah said: ‘A person will always be secure and safe as long as he remains silent, as for when he speaks it may be written for or against him.’
(Kanzul Ummaal, Hadith # 43579, Pg 916, Publisher Mu-assatur Risaalah.)
The second point in this narration is about ensuring that our neighbour is safe from any form of harm whether verbally or physically. Even Allah mentions about doing Ihsan and kindness to one’s neighbour in the Quran. The scholars have stated that harming ones neighbour is totally haraam in Islaam.
The point of honouring one’s guest is also mentioned in this hadith and many other traditions of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ). Hence, it is a very great sunnah of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) which must be adopted by the believers.