Category Archives: Taharah/Purification

Questions and Answers

This question is forwarded from a man in prison: ” A brother is leading ‘taraweeh’ and ‘witr’ but does not wash his feet for salaah but wipes over cotton socks. He is also reading from the book in order to lead the salaah. For the sake of unity I join the ranks with an intention to practice the prayers since the brother is not in wudhu .and is reading from the book. Is this the right approach?

Assalaamu Alaikum,

None of the Scholars and Jurists have allowed wiping over the normal cotton socks. If a person wipes over these socks, his wudhu will not be valid. Hence, you should not pray behind this person.

With respect to the act of reading directly from the Quran while in Salaah, some Scholars have stated that it is permissible, while others have not allowed it. The best is that it should not be done since it resembles the practice of ‘Ahl Kitab’ (people of the book).

With respect to joining with an intention to practice the prayer, then this is not a good intention. If you do this, then you must repeat your Salaah individually.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Is it necessary for a revert to get circumcised?

A person accepted Islam but he isnt circumcised and he has not had it done for several years.  He does admit it is sunnah and very rewarding and did consider getting it done but changed his mind because he read how painful it was for other men. He is convinced he will not be able to handle the pain especially when urinating blood he is sure this will cause him severe pain especially as the operation is done whilst one is awake he is also averse to sharp knives and feels afraid of the cutting and also he feels uneasy about blood and doesn’t want to experience the pain.

1) Is it necessary for a revert to get circumcised and is he sinning if as above he is absolutely convinced he will not be able to handle the pain. Should he not get circumcised how does he do wudu the person is very clean and washes his private part thoroughly including under the foreskin he is extremely careful with protecting from urine and also when doing Ghusl.

2) Is Salah behind a uncircumcised man valid and is it haraam for him to marry
a Muslim woman if he isn’t circumcised? Some claim it is haram for a
uncircumcised man to marry a Muslim woman.

Assalaamu Alaikum,

الجواب و بالله التوفيق

In light of what you have mentioned, it will not be necessary for the person to get circumcised, although he, as a revert is encouraged to do so. He will not be guilty of any sin if he knows that he will not be able to handle the pain.

If he is not circumcised, then he must ensure that he washes his private parts thoroughly, especially under the forskin so that no impurities remain on him. When he does this, then his wudhu/gushl will be valid and he will be in a state of purity and cleanliness.

Salah behind an uncircumcised person is valid and permissible as long as that person cleans himself properly, ensuring that impurities do not remain under the foreskin.

As a Muslim man, it is essential that he marries to a Muslim woman. It is not haraam for him to marry a Muslim woman if he is not circumcised.

While it may not be necessary and essential that this person gets circumcised, he should be encouraged to do it. First of all, it is one which the Prophet (S.A.S) encouraged the Muslims to do, and at his time, he even instructed converts to do it. Hence, it is considered to be a symbol of Islam. Secondly, it is one which has a lot of benefits and is extremely beneficial to a person in his marriage life. As such, though there may be some uneasiness, discomfort and pain in getting circumcised (for an adult) this is only temporary and will only last for a few days. The benefits however, are long lasting for one’s religious life and personal life and should be considered.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Questions on Wudhu

Assalam u Alaikum
Can wudhu be done in a bathroom/shower, as Ghusul is done in a bathroom?

Also, if a woman does NOT need to perform Ghusul, but showers/bathe/ washes with water, all areas of the body excluding the head and hair, is wudhu still necessary?

As Salaam Alaikum.

  • Yes, wudhu can be done in a bathroom/shower. One must however, ensure that there is no unclean/dirty water settled in the bathroom which can touch one’s feet while making wudhu.
  • In the case you have mentioned, it will still be necessary for the woman to perform wudhu since she has left out the Masah (wiping) of the head which is compulsory in wudhu. The best way is to first do a complete wudhu where Masah of the head will be done, and after this, one can wash herself completely with water excluding the head/hair.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Can a person clean himself by wiping without washing?

Assalam Alaikum,

I wanted to ask if someone goes to the washroom and urinated, if he wipes off with toilet paper, can he perform Salah without washing his private, in plain is it permissible to clean oneself with toilet paper after one urinates?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

الجواب و بالله التوفيق

If by using toilet paper, all the impurities are removed, then one can perform Salaah in this manner even though one may not wash your private. So, it is permissible to clean oneself with toilet paper after one urinates. The best however, is that one uses toilet paper first, to wipe oneself and then uses water afterwards.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Should a person follow a person in salah who makes Masah on normal sock?

Message: Assalamu Alaikum Mufti,

I am enquiring on the issue of performing wudhu with socks. Not leather socks but the normal dress socks we normally wear (cotton etc.). Can we read salaat behind such a person? Can we make massa on these types of socks?
Jazak Allah khair


Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

الجواب و بالله التوفيق

The normal socks that we wear are made of nylon and/or cotton and are not from among those on which Masah can be made. The Imams of Fiqh have not considered it valid/permissible for one to make Masah on these socks. Hence, it will not be allowed to make Masah on these socks and it will not be allowed to perform Salah behind a person who made Masah over these socks to lead Salah.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Q & A on circumcision, visiting and donating to churches, world hijab day.

Assalamu Alykum.

1. Can you tell us how the Sunnah of circumcision how did it come about.

2. What is the ruling in visiting churches donating items too churches.

3. How do we the less learned differentiate between different rulings of scholars of same madhabs in issues with all the negativity against Muslim.

4. Is it advisable to join in February 1st hijab day? Jazakhallah khair for answers.

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

الجواب و بالله التوفيق

1.The Sunnah of circumcision started from Ibrahim (A.S). He was the first to circumcise himself as instructed by Allah. After him, circumcision continued among the Messengers and their followers. (Tuhfa Al Mawdood – Hafiz Ibn Qayyim, Pg.104-106, Al Maktaba Tawqeefiya, Cairo).

The Prophet (S.A.S) encouraged the males to circumcise as it was from the blessed teachings which were given to Ibrahim (A.S) which had many health and hygiene benefits in it. In this regard, the Prophet (S.A.S) has mentioned that circumcision (for the males) is from the natural disposition and character of a person (Al Fitrah). (Bukhari Hadith No.5891; Muslim Hadith No.257).

  1. Visiting churches is not permissible since one will be required to be part of/or witness actions/practices/teachings that are connected to Shirk. Donating items to churches is not permissible since it will be considered as a help and support to Institutions that are founded on Shirk and whose activities are connected to Shirk.
  2. You need to consult the learned Scholars who will identify to you what is the ‘preferred verdict’ and ‘most acceptable opinion’ on issues when different rulings of the same Madhab are narrated. Learned Scholars will be able to consult with original works/text and examine these to give a correct answer.
  3. The negativity towards Muslims is not on account of women wearing hijab. Hence, joining the ‘Hijab Day’ for this purpose will not help. Today, Muslims are criticised and condemned because of their failure to fully practice the religion of Islam. Although, there is the element of religious discrimination showed by others to Islam, one cannot deny the fact that the conduct and behaviour of Muslims have a lot to do with the negativity shown towards Islam and Muslims.

Besides the recent violent actions which have contributed to this negativity, one of the major reasons is that today the majority of Muslims in the world do not fully practice their religion. Many neglect Islam and are not concerned about their Islamic identity. Thus, they behave as non-Muslims in their daily lives in almost all aspects. Insha Allah, when Muslims begin to practice Islam fully, Allah’s help will come to them, and he will honour them and remove the problems they are facing.

With respect to the ‘Hijab Day’, Muslim sisters should be reminded that hijab is not only about a ‘head cover’, instead, it is also about the entire dress, conduct, speech and manners of a woman. Adhering to the teaching of hijab in Islam requires a woman not to mix freely with the opposite sex, and not to make a public display of themselves on the streets, parks and other places. Sisters should pay attention to the true teachings of Islam and follow these in words and deeds, and must not compromise their Islamic conduct by doing that which may seem to be ‘good’ in their eyes. They must look at what is allowed and disallowed for them as Muslim women, before getting involved in such activities.

From an Islamic perspective, what the ‘hijab day’ entails and what is seen from the conduct of Muslim women and young Muslim girls who propagate it, are against the teachings given to Muslim women, and hence, will not be permissible.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


What is the ruling concerning having dogs in and around the home?

Assalamu Alaikum. What is the ruling concerning having dogs in and around the home? Jazakallah Khair.

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

الجواب و بالله التوفيق

It will be permissible to only have a watch dog/security dog for protecting the home/premises. The dog should be kept in a certain place and should not be made to enter inside the house and around the house, less the areas be soiled with impurities and dirtiness. The Prophet (S.A.S) has stated, ‘The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or there are pictures.’ (Bukhari, Muslim).

One must therefore be careful as to where one allows the dog to move about. The watch dog is allowed based on a tradition, and so it should be kept only for the purpose of securing the property. It cannot be taken as a pet dog since having a pet dog is not permissible. During the period of the night, the security dog maybe allowed to move about around the premises since this is the time it is needed to watch all around on the compound.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Is it permissible for a Muslim keep to keep ‘dread locks’?

Assalaamu alaikum my respected Mufti,

Q:More and more Muslim women are wearing their hair in dread locks. I thought this was not permissble but have no proof why. Please explain why it is or is not permissible to wear one’s hair this way. If it is not permissible and one becomes aware a Muslim female or male has dreadlocks what should one say or do?


Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

A: With respect to the manner of one’s dress, conduct, hairstyle etc, Muslims have been given specific guidelines that they should not imitate, follow or liken themselves to other people.

In this regard, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) is reported to have said, ‘Whosoever resembles (likens himself) to another people, then he is from among them’ (Abu Dawood from the tradition of Abdullah bin Umar R.A). In another tradition, the Prophet (SAW) has said, ‘whoever resembles (likens himself) to another group/people, he is not from us’ (Muslims, Tirmizi).

Based on these traditions, the scholars have stated that a Muslim is prohibited from imitating, following, resembling himself to those who are non-Muslim. It is clearly seen that each religion has its own manner of dress, conduct, rituals, upkeep of oneself with respect to hairstyle, moustache, beard etc. etc. When these are connected to a certain religion, it would be naturally understood that anyone who practices any of these traits would be associated and connected to the respective religion. Hence, when a Muslim adopts the style of another religion, he will be immediately recognized as a follower of that religion. It is for this reason, scholars have mentioned that it is totally haram for a Muslim to adopt a practice/trend or style that has some sort of religious symbol, meaning or significance in another religion. This, they say is the worst type of imitation and following. At the time of the Prophet (SAW), when the Muslims were surrounded by the Jews, Christians and Polytheists, the Prophet (SAW) issued a clear command saying that they must oppose the ways and practices of the Jews, the Christians and the Polytheists (Mushrikeen). This opposition was necessary since Islam had given a perfect and complete way of life, dress and conduct to the believers.

With respect to the hairstyle you have asked about, it is generally known and understood that ‘Rastafarian’s dread locks is directly attributed and linked to the Rastafarian sect/cult. Rastafarianism is a religious cult that regards Haile Selasie I, former emperor of Ethiopia as the Messiah. The dread locks that are worn by people identifies them as Rastafarians who are connected to the cult that they follow.

Hence, from the above mentioned explanation given on the traditions of the Prophet (SAW), it becomes clear that it is haram (unlawful) for a Muslim to have such hairstyles called dread locks.

Those who keep the Rastafarian’s dread locks hairstyle are guilty of doing that which is haram in Islam, and hence, would be termed as transgressors. Those from among the Muslims who keep this hairstyle should be told that Allah Has ordered all Muslims to enter into Islam whole heartedly. He says in Surah Baqarah (chapter 2) verse 208, ‘O those who believe enter into Islam fully/whole heartedly and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. He is an open enemy to you’.

Here, the Muslims are ordered to give their full submission to Allah by following Islam in all aspects of their lives. When a person becomes a Muslim, he must allow every aspect of his life/living to be in accordance to the teachings of Islam. In fact, the above verse of the Holy Quran was revealed at a time when a new convert to Islam wanted to hold on to certain teachings of his former religion. The verse clearly identified to him and others that this cannot take place. If they behave in this manner, they would be following the footsteps of Satan. Instead, they must conform to the teachings of Islam, with respect to their beliefs, practices, values, dress, conduct, likes/dislikes, manners, hairstyle and speech etc .etc.

Keeping the dreadlocks hairstyle while being a Muslim clearly indicates to one’s likeness of the custom and symbol of that cult. It shows that one is not willing to part with that which belongs to his former un-Islamic way, and he finds in himself an inclination to that which does not exist in Islam. This behavior therefore, tells of an individual who has not accepted Islam whole heartedly and still wants to liken himself to another community which is on misguidance.

The Ahadith have spoken sufficiently on this issue, and all the early scholars have unanimously declared that it is Haram for a Muslim to liken himself to any form or fashion of another group/people, especially when the resemblance is in that which has a religious symbol, sign or significance. (See Al Halal Wal Haram- Allama Khalid Saifullah pg.194)

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Circumcision For Adult Men

Question: Asalaamu Alaaikum,

My husband is not circumcised and he wanted to get it done. Does Islamic law say anything about older men getting that done? Or can he just feed people? Thank you for your reply.


Answer: Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

In Islam, both young and old can be circumcised. If one is old or an adult, and he is not circumcised, then he will not be guilty of committing a sin in Islam. It is known to be a Sunnah act for men, and through circumcision one is able to have proper Tahara/purification. The Prophet (s.a.w) has strongly encouraged the Males to be circumcised.

If one is not circumcised, then he must ensure that after urinating or having relations with his wife, the genital organ is washed properly so that no impurity remains under the foreskin.

In the case where one has not been circumcised, there is no requirement for him to feed people or give charity etc.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.


Status Of Salaah If Pig Skin Slippers Are Worn; Leaving Out A Fardh On Account Of Doing Another; Blowing Candles

Question: I borrowed a book which contains stories of shirk but is written in a way that it seems Islamic. I do not know if to burn the book or return it to my friend because I think she will defend some of the stories because it’s a book she grew up with thinking as reputable.

My mother has a pair of leather slippers she loves but it may be made of pig skin. She makes wudhu and then slips on her slippers and I know impurities pass through damp surfaces but I do not see any actual impurity on her so can would her salah be valid and is it disrespectful to touch the Quran after wearing these slippers?

There are many wajib things that I fall short of doing. I know a halal activity becomes haram if it keeps you away from obligatory acts of worship. But what if I am delaying one obligatory action for another. For instance I may have a flag that contains a cross but I  prefer to pray salah and then get rid of the cross even though I have enough time to pray later because it’s easier to pray earlier. Would my salah be valid?

Also, what if I am leaving of an obligatory action because of laziness and not because of another activity. For instance, is it halal to eat food while the time of salah is passing because I’m lazy to pray and not because I want to eat the food?

Is making a wish when blowing candles dua? And if my niece makes a wish before blowing out the candles on her birthday cake, is the cake halal?


Answer: Assalamu Alaikum,

  1. Since you have borrowed the book, then it is your duty to return it to its owner. You should try to inform your friend of what you think of the contents.
  2. Your mother’s Salaah will be valid because there won’t be any impurity on her feet by wearing the slippers. After wearing the slippers it will be permissible to touch the Quran. This will not be disrespectful.
  3. Yes, your Salaah will be valid.
  4. Leaving of an obligatory action because of laziness is reprehensible. Laziness is from Satan and with respect to acts of worship, Muslims must not be lazy in performing these.
  5. Making a wish when blowing candles is not a Dua. This is a custom from the Non Muslims and must not be done. However, if one blows out the candles on the cake while making a wish, the cake will still be halaal.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.