Category Archives: Salah

Joining the Imam in salah

QUESTION:

Assalaam Walaikum,
If i entered on the imaam during his 2nd rakaah in Maghrib and i joined him. Would i need to repeat my Salaah afyer completeing it with the Imaam?

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salam

No, you do not have to repeat your Salah. You were supposed to continue your Salah after he made the Salam, by performing the rakaat you missed. If you did not perform your missed rakaat and you ended the Salah with the Imam, you will have to repeat it.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

11/09/2017

Denial Salaah or Leaving out Salaah due to laziness

QUESTION:

As salamu alaykum i am a pure ignorant, and i want to have a detail answer about the one who abandon the salah is it  kaafir or not, what is the opinion of islam (the four school) with some proof used by these school.

1.The One Who Denies The Obligation Of Salah

2.THE ONE WHO ABANDONS THE PRAYER OUT OF LAZINESS OR OTHER REASONS

I speak to you because you are a alim , google its not a alim of madhab, jazak Allah khar.

 

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

All the scholars including the four Imams of fiqh have unanimously declared that one who denies the obligation of Salah is a kafir (unbeliever) and a murtad (apostate).

This is on account of his denial of an obligatory duty which is evident from the firm sources of the Quran, the Sunnah and Ijma. They have also stated that one who leaves off Salah out of laziness and negligence is a sinner and transgressor. (Al Fiqh Al Islami Wa Adilatihi Vol.1 Pg. 658 Maktaba Rasheediya Queta)

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

11/09/2017

What exactly does Makrooh Salaat mean?

Assalaamu Alaikum
I have seen few places you mentioned that salaah will be makrooh, like performing behind an Imam who shaves or clips his beard or jummah salaah is makrooh where khutba is in English.  What exactly does Makrooh Salaat mean? Does it mean there is no problem or is it a sin of some kind?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

Makrooh means an act which is disliked/reprehensible. When the Imam/leader does an action which is reprehensible in Islam and is in opposition to the instruction of the Prophet (S.A.S), then he is considered to be sinful in that regard. For example, shaving/trimming the beard shorter than a fist length is going against the teaching of the Prophet (S.A.S). This instruction is not one which is deemed to be light, but it has been given the ruling of being Wajib by all the Imams of Fiqh. When the Imam leads a Salaah in this condition, then he is leading it in the state where he has violated a clear-cut, essential injunction given by the Prophet (S.A.S) and hence, considered as sinful.

For this reason, the Salaah which he leads is not in its best manner due to his condition. Though, it will be valid and accepted, it will still be affected on account of his state. Therefore, Makrooh salaah means that the salaah is not in its 100% best form due to the presence of something which is against the teachings of Islam. However, it will still be valid and accepted. It will not be a sinful Salaah.

And Allah knows Best.

Mufti Waseeem Khan.

When should the Sunnah of Jummu’ah be performed?

Assalaamu Alaikum
If I arrive for jummah, and the English Bayan (given before the second azan and 2 Arabic kutbah is already in progress and usually some Quran and Hadith is referenced in the Bayan, Do I need to sit and listen or  can I pray my 4 rakaat Sunnah?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

If the English bayan is going on and you have not performed your four Sunnah as yet, then you must perform your four Sunnah and then listen to the bayan.

If however, a short time is given at the end of the English bayan for the performance of the four Sunnah (as it occurs in some Masjid), then you should sit and listen to the bayan, and then perform the four Sunnah at the time given for its performance.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

12/06/17.

Questions and Answers

This question is forwarded from a man in prison: ” A brother is leading ‘taraweeh’ and ‘witr’ but does not wash his feet for salaah but wipes over cotton socks. He is also reading from the book in order to lead the salaah. For the sake of unity I join the ranks with an intention to practice the prayers since the brother is not in wudhu .and is reading from the book. Is this the right approach?

Assalaamu Alaikum,

None of the Scholars and Jurists have allowed wiping over the normal cotton socks. If a person wipes over these socks, his wudhu will not be valid. Hence, you should not pray behind this person.

With respect to the act of reading directly from the Quran while in Salaah, some Scholars have stated that it is permissible, while others have not allowed it. The best is that it should not be done since it resembles the practice of ‘Ahl Kitab’ (people of the book).

With respect to joining with an intention to practice the prayer, then this is not a good intention. If you do this, then you must repeat your Salaah individually.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

29/5/17.

How can a person with a back problem perform Rukhu and Sajdah?

Assalamu Alaikum,

My mom has serious back pain due to a pinch nerve, she is unable to stand for all the Rakaahs as well as unable to go up and down. This is what she does, she will stand for the 1st Rakaah until the 1st Ruku. For the 1st Ruku she will sit on a chair.

After the 1st Ruku into the 1st Sijdah, from sitting on the chair she will go straight to the floor for Sijdah and remain there for the rest of the Rakaahs until Salams.

From the 1st Ruku to the 1st Sijdah she do not stand, she basicaaly kind of slide down from the chair to the floor and finish the Salaah on the floor.

Please advise what is permissible in her case.

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

What you have described is permissible and good. While sitting on the chair for ruku, she will need to bend slightly for ruku.

Due to her condition, it will allowed for her to go to the Sajdah posture form the chair, even though she did not stand up straight after doing the Ruku on the chair.

And Allah knows best,

Mufti Waseem Khan

22/05/2017

Taraweeh Salaah for women

Assalam O Alaikum ,

I  would like to know the significance of Taraweeh during the blessed month of Ramadan. Is there a difference between the way Taraweeh is offered by men and women? Could you please elaborate on how a woman should  perform Taraweeh prayer  to attain maximum blessings during this sacred month.

Thank you for taking the time out to reading and answering this question. Your help and knowledge is much appreciated.

Jazak ALLAH kherun!

Wa Alaikum As salaam,

The Taraweeh Salaah in the month of Ramadhan is one which brings about a great amount of blessings, and is the ideal way of establishing the month of Ramadhan with worship. For those who establish the nights of Ramadhan with the Taraweeh  Salaah, they are given glad tidings of the forgiveness from Allah. In this regard, the Prophet(SAS) is reported to have said, ‘Whoever stands in the month of Ramadhan with firm faith and hope of receiving rewards, all his previous sins shall be forgiven’. (Sahih Al Bukhari)

On account of the continuous practice of the Prophet (SAS) and his blessed teachings, the Fuqaha (Jurists) have stated that the Taraweeh Salaah is Sunnah Al Mu’akadah for both men and women. Therefore, women are also required to perform the Taraweeh Salaah just as men are required to do it. If it is left out without a valid excuse (acceptable in the Shariah), then one will be sinful for being negligent in fulfilling an emphasized Sunnah of the month of Ramadhan.

In the performance of Taraweeh salaah, there is no difference between men and women. This means that just as men will perform 20 rakaats of Taraweeh, so too, women will perform the same amount. The Taraweeh will be performed in two rakaats with a short pause after every four.

It will be performed after Isha Salaah but before the witr Salaah. The same is applicable to females. There is however, the difference in certain postures adopted by women in Salaah. Women must take note of these differences and perform all salaah, while adopting postures which are for females.

As emphasized by the Prophet (SAS), the best place for the Salaah of a woman is her home. She gets the most amount of blessings and rewards when she performs Salaah (including Taraweeh) in the privacy of her home. In this regard, the Prophet (SAS) is reported to have said, ‘The best place for Salah for Women is the inner most part of their homes’. (Hakim in his Mustadrak).

Therefore, in order to gain the maximum rewards, a woman is encouraged to perform the Taraweeh Salaah at home. While performing Salaah, the Prophet (s.a.w) has emphasized that one should do it with calmness, full devotion and concentration and in the best manner. One must understand that one is speaking to Allah, Who is looking at the worshipper. The standing, bowing and prostrating postures must be done in a calm manner and in the best way with full devotion. One must not do the salah fast and in haste. The Prophet (s.a.w) instructed us by saying, ‘When you come to salah, then do so with calmness, peace and tranquility”. (Sahih Bukhari). While reciting Quran and tasbeeh and the other recitals in salah, one must not make haste in reciting, but should pay attention to what is being recited, and do so in a proper manner. In a nutshell, salah requires one’s full concentration and devotion, together with humility and submission to Allah. If one’s salah is performed in this manner, then one will not only receive the greatest amount of rewards for it, but it will be the most enjoyable thing that a person can experience.

And Allah Knows Best

Mufti Waseem Khan

18/05/2017

What is the ruling on Muslim women attending the Masjid?

What is the ruling on Muslim women attending the masjid? Would it be a good practice for  a Muslimah to pray within the the bounds of her home to maintain her modesty or attend Jumaah?

The second question is the status of masjid itself. These days masjids or mosques have become more of community centers where people engage in conversation about everyone and everything. Could you please elaborate on the role and sanctity of a mosque?

Thank you for taking the time out to answering my questions.

Assalaamu Alaikum

It is permissible for a woman to attend the masjid, but it is far better for her to perform Salaah at her home.

The reason for its permissibility is that the Prophet ﷺ allowed it and he did not prevent women from going to the masjid. Regarding this he also said, ‘Do not prevent your women from going to the masjid even though their houses are better for them’. (Abu Dawood)

However, notwithstanding this, the Prophet ﷺ encouraged women to perform Salaah in a private chamber / room of her home and mentioned that it is move virtuous and rewarding for them to do so.

In this regard, Umm Salma (RA) the wife of the Prophet ﷺ reports that the Prophet ﷺ said ‘The best masjid (place for salah) for women is the inner most part of their homes.’ (Hakim in his Mustadrak Vol. 1, Pg. 209)

In another tradition, Umm Salma (RA) narrates that the Prophet ﷺ said: ‘ A woman’s salah in the inner most room of her house is better than her salah in her verandah, and her salah in her verandah is better than her salah in her courtyard.’ (Tabrani Majma’uz Zawaa’id Vol. 2, Pg. 334)

Another narration states that Umm Humaid (RA) relates ‘ The men folk of our tribe use to prevent their women folk from attending the masjid. I approached the Prophet ﷺ and told him that we (women) desire to attend the masjid and perform salah behind him, but our men folk prevent us.’ Upon this, the Prophet ﷺ said:  ‘Your salah which you perform in the inner most portion of your home is better than the salah performed in your verandahs, and your salah performed in your verandahs is better than the salah performed in your courtyards, and the salah performed in your courtyard is better than the salah performed with jamat.’ (Tabrani Majma’uz Zawaa’id)

It is also narrated that Aisha (RA) once said during her time, after the Prophet ﷺ had passed away, ‘Had the Prophet ﷺ seen the condition of the women at that time he would have prevented them from the masjid.’ (Sahih Al Bukhari)

Based on the above guidelines given to women by the Prophet ﷺ, it is evident that indeed the best place for a woman’s salah is at her home. The general body of jurists experts (Fuqaha) of the four schools of Islamic Jurisprudence have stated it is not encouraged that women go to the masjid for salah. Instead, it is best for them to perform salah in the privacy of their homes. (Ash Sharah Al Muhazab, Vol. 4, Pg.198. Al Mughni Vol.2. Vol.18 Kitabul Fatawa (Allama Khalid Saifullah Rahmani Vol. 2 Pg. 413-414).

 

Therefore, in light of what have been mentioned, it will be better for you to perform Salaah at home instead of attending the masjid to do so. With respect to Jummah, this is not compulsory upon women. It is best that women remain home and perform the Dhuhr Salaah.

The Masjid is the house of Allah and a very sacred place. Allah Himself Has made it holy and Has ordered the believers to uphold its sanctity and holiness.

As mentioned in the Holy Quran, the main objective of the masjid is ‘the remembrance of Allah’. Therefore the masjid in a locality /district is the fixed place for all the daily Salaah and Jummah, and  is the retreat for the believers who seek Allah’s closeness through Itikaaf in the month of Ramadhan. The Prophet ﷺ has highlighted in many traditions that the masjid is frequented and visited by angels throughout the period of the day and night, and are engaged in Salaah. Allah’s mercy continues to descend to the masjid and His pleasure and blessings are bestowed to those who visit it.

Owing to the sacred nature and holiness of the masjid, the Prophet ﷺ has prohibited Muslims from building conversations of a worldly nature in the masjid. The normal conversations people have with each other that sometimes contain gossip, backbiting, slandering, speaking about other people and things, making jokes, discussing affairs that are not connected to Islam or the Masjid, are all prohibited in the masjid.

Those who wish to do any of such acts can do so outside the prayer area of the masjid. They must not do so inside the prayer area of themasjid. In short, every Muslim (male and female) must be conscious of the rules pertaining to the masjid and refrain from doing anything that is disliked or prohibited inside the masjid.

And Allah knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

20/4/2017

What is the ruling on Muslim women attending the masjid?

What is the ruling on Muslim women attending the masjid? Would it be a good practice for  a Muslimah to pray within the the bounds of her home to maintain her modesty or attend Jumaah?

The second question is the status of masjid itself. These days masjids or mosques have become more of community centers where people engage in conversation about everyone and everything. Could you please elaborate on the role and sanctity of a mosque?

Assalaamu Alaikum

It is permissible for a woman to attend the masjid, but it is far better for her to perform Salaah at her home.

The reason for its permissibility is that the Prophet ﷺ allowed it and he did not prevent women from going to the masjid. Regarding this he also said, ‘Do not prevent your women from going to the masjid even though their houses are better for them’. (Abu Dawood)

However, notwithstanding this, the Prophet ﷺ encouraged women to perform Salaah in a private chamber / room of her home and mentioned that it is move virtuous and rewarding for them to do so.

In this regard, Umm Salma (RA) the wife of the Prophet ﷺ reports that the Prophet ﷺ said ‘The best masjid (place for salah) for women is the inner most part of their homes.’ (Hakim in his Mustadrak Vol. 1, Pg. 209)

In another tradition, Umm Salma (RA) narrates that the Prophet ﷺ said: ‘ A woman’s salah in the inner most room of her house is better than her salah in her verandah, and her salah in her verandah is better than her salah in her courtyard.’ (Tabrani Majma’uz Zawaa’id Vol. 2, Pg. 334)

Another narration states that Umm Humaid (RA) relates ‘ The men folk of our tribe use to prevent their women folk from attending the masjid. I approached the Prophet ﷺ and told him that we (women) desire to attend the masjid and perform salah behind him, but our men folk prevent us.’ Upon this, the Prophet ﷺ said:  ‘Your salah which you perform in the inner most portion of your home is better than the salah performed in your verandahs, and your salah performed in your verandahs is better than the salah performed in your courtyards, and the salah performed in your courtyard is better than the salah performed with jamat.’ (Tabrani Majma’uz Zawaa’id)

It is also narrated that Aisha (RA) once said during her time, after the Prophet ﷺ had passed away, ‘Had the Prophet ﷺ seen the condition of the women at that time he would have prevented them from the masjid.’ (Sahih Al Bukhari)

Based on the above guidelines given to women by the Prophet ﷺ, it is evident that indeed the best place for a woman’s salah is at her home. The general body of jurists experts (Fuqaha) of the four schools of Islamic Jurisprudence have stated it is not encouraged that women go to the masjid for salah. Instead, it is best for them to perform salah in the privacy of their homes. (Ash Sharah Al Muhazab, Vol. 4, Pg.198. Al Mughni Vol.2. Vol.18 Kitabul Fatawa (Allama Khalid Saifullah Rahmani Vol. 2 Pg. 413-414).

Therefore, in light of what have been mentioned, it will be better for you to perform Salaah at home instead of attending the masjid to do so. With respect to Jummah, this is not compulsory upon women. It is best that women remain home and perform the Dhuhr Salaah.

The Masjid is the house of Allah and a very sacred place. Allah Himself Has made it holy and Has ordered the believers to uphold its sanctity and holiness.

As mentioned in the Holy Quran, the main objective of the masjid is ‘the remembrance of Allah’. Therefore the masjid in a locality /district is the fixed place for all the daily Salaah and Jummah, and  is the retreat for the believers who seek Allah’s closeness through Itikaaf in the month of Ramadhan. The Prophet ﷺ has highlighted in many traditions that the masjid is frequented and visited by angels throughout the period of the day and night, and are engaged in Salaah. Allah’s mercy continues to descend to the masjid and His pleasure and blessings are bestowed to those who visit it.

Owing to the sacred nature and holiness of the masjid, the Prophet ﷺ has prohibited Muslims from building conversations of a worldly nature in the masjid. The normal conversations people have with each other that sometimes contain gossip, backbiting, slandering, speaking about other people and things, making jokes, discussing affairs that are not connected to Islam or the Masjid, are all prohibited in the masjid.

Those who wish to do any of such acts can do so outside the prayer area of the masjid. They must not do so inside the prayer area of the masjid. In short, every Muslim (male and female) must be conscious of the rules pertaining to the masjid and refrain from doing anything that is disliked or prohibited inside the masjid.

And Allah knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

20/4/2017

Can Qunoot An Nazila be done in Jummuah Salah?

Assalaamu Alaikum Mufti Saab. I have a question for the purpose of my knowledge & maybe others. Today at Jumma, The Imam announces he is going to make dua after the second ruku, kindly comment/advice on this matter.  Also after the Kutbah, he started to make announcement about BBQ etc. before Salah. Is this permissible? Was my Jumma Salah nullified?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam

The Dua which the Imam made after the second rakaat is known as Qunoot An Nazilah. This is a dua which is made in this manner when Muslims are affected with hardships, difficulties and calamities. Some Scholars/Imams have allowed it in all Salah, however, according to the Madhab of Imam Abu Hanifa, it should only be done in Fajr Salah after the Ruku in the second rakaat.

With respect to the announcement made after the Khutbah and before the Salah, this was not proper since both the Khutbah and Salah are connected and  linked to each other in a manner that immediately after the Khutbah, the Salah is performed without any interval or disturbance. The announcement should have been made after the Salah. Howbeit, the Jummah Salah was valid.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

22/02/17.