Category Archives: Salah

WHO IS A SAHIBUT TARTEEB

QUESTION:

 

As Salaam Alaikum Mufti Sab,

Does this means a Sahibut Tarteeb is one who has not miss more that 5 Salaah from the time Salaah becomes accountable on him or does it mean not missing 5 Salaah with in a day because most people would not be a Sahibut Tarteeb since thay would have miss many salaah during school, collage, work, etc, so does this mean that dont have to pray the miss salaah in Sequence?

Please clerify

 

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

A  Sahibut Tarteeb is one who has not missed more than 5 Salaah consecutively from the time Salaah became compulsory upon him. Therefore, if everyday a person perform some salaah and missed some, then he remains a Sahibut Tarteeb since he did not allow 6 Salaah to be missed consecutively. In this case, he was supposed to have performed the missed Salaah before performing the Salaah which he read on its time.

As for those who have missed more than 5 Salaah consecutively (i.e they missed six), then they are not people of Tarteeb (Sahibut Tarteeb), but when making up their Qadha, they should try to do it in sequence, although it is not essential upon them, due to the fact that the Tarteeb has been broken.

Those who had many Qadha Salaah to make up and their tarteeb was broken due to missing 6 Salaah consecutively, if they perform all the missed salaah, then they will return as being Sahibut Tarteeb. (Raddul Muktar Vol.2 pg.70 H.M (Saeed com. Karachi Pakistan).

 

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

31/10/2017

How Should A Sahibut Tarteeb Qadha His Salah

QUESTION:

If a person did not perform the Salaat of a part of the day, e.g. he did not perform Fajar, Zuhr and Asar, how should he go about performing the Qazaa of these prayers just before Maghrib?

 

ANSWER:

As Salaam Alaikum,

If a person is Sahibut Tarteeb (one who has not missed 5 Salah), then he will do Qadha of the missed Salah first and then perform the Salah of that time. As such, in the example you have given, a person will perform the Qadha of Fajr, Dhuhr and Asr before he performs the Magrib Salah.

However, if a person is not Sahibut Tarteeb, he will perform the Magrib Salah first and then do the Qadha of the other Salah which he missed.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

25/10/2017

Placing of The Feet In Salah

QUESTION

According to these two following narrations what is the position of the feets during the salah (qiyam) in Islam:

1. Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) said: “When any one of you performs Salah then he should not place his shoes on his right hand side nor on his left hand side. This is because his left hand side is the right hand side of another person, unless there is no person on his left hand side. He should place them in between his legs.” (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 654)

(Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, Hadith; 1016 -with slight variation in the wording- and Sahih Ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith: 2188)

2. The narration of Mamar contains the following wording, ‘Anas bin Maalik said, “If I was to try and carry out this practice i.e. The joining of the ankles with the ankles of the next person, the people would run away like restive mules.” (Fathul Bari Pg.247 Vol.2) (sahih narration)

Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has referenced this version to: Mustakhraj of Imam Isma’ily (rahimahullah)

Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar also managed to locate it in Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah.

(Fathul Bari, Hadith: 725 & Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Hadith: 3544)

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

The first tradition mentions that the Prophet (s.a.s) said, ‘When one of you performs salah, he should not place his shoes on his right side and must not place them on his left side, since this will be the right side of a person except that there is no one on his left. Let him place it between his feet’ (Sunan of Abu Dawood Hadith No.652).

While explaining this hadith, the great scholar Allama Khaleel Ahmad (A.R) writes that what is meant by placing the shoes between the feet is that there should be a space between the feet in which one can place his shoes. This is done so that one may not cause harm to another person who stands to his right or left or one who may stand behind him(Bazhul Majhood Sharh of Sunan Abu Dawood Vol.3 pgs 600,601 Darul Bashaa’ir Al Islamiya Beirut 2006).

The above tradition does not does not indicate to any special position of the feet or distance between the feet in salah. It simply speaks about  not causing harm to others by putting your shoes on your right and left side while in Salah.

The other tradition containing the narration of Mamar mentions the statement of Anas (R.A) in which he said, ‘If I was to try and carry out this practice, the people would run away like restive mules’. This is an addition which Mamar has given in his narration, as being a statement of Anas (R.A) after narrating the hadith which was narrated by Imam Bukhari –(Fathul Bari Vol.2 pg.269 Qadimi Kutub Khana).

In the narration, the practice which Anas (R.A) referred to was that of joining the ankles with the ankles of the next person in Salah. It is about this, Anas (R.A) said that if he was to do that practice at the time he was living in,(with the people), they will run away like restive mules, since it will be strange to them.

From this narration, some may derive the understanding that while in Salah, one needs to touch the ankles of the other person in Salah to straighten the lines. This however, is not the case. The tradition which was recorded before this statement was that of the Prophet (S.A.W) in which he said “Straighten your lines, For certainly I see you from behind my back.” Anas (R.A) recorded this and he then said, “And one of us used to touch his shoulder to the shoulder of his companion and touch his feet to his feet.”(Bukhari,Hadith No.725,pg.142, Darussalam)

After recording this, Hafiz Ibn Hajar states that this was the statement of Anas (R.A) which simply showed the emphasis they placed upon straightening the lines and closing the gaps in the lines for salah.(Fathul Baari-Commentary of Sahih Al Bukhari,pg.268, Vol.2, Qadimi Kutub Khana). A similar explanation has been given by Hafiz Badrudeen Aini in his commentary of Sahih Al Bukhari  (Umdatul Qaari, pg.259, Maktaba Rashidiya, Queta, Pakistan).

Another tradition by Imam Bukhari states that the act of placing one’s shoulder and feet close to another was in reality the practice of some Sahabahs in order to straighten their lines and fill the gaps, and was not a directive from the prophet (S.A)

In the ‘Chapter of touching of the shoulder’, the statement of the companion Numaan bin Basheer (R.A) is recorded where he states, “I saw a person from amongst us touching his ankle to the ankle of his companion.”

After recording this, the Commentators of Sahih Al Bukhari, namely Ibn Hajar and Aini have stated, “Some are of the opinion that this statement is upon its real meaning, but it is not so. Instead, it was an exaggeration on the part of the narrator to describe the straight lines as well as the closeness of the Musalis in the lines. (Fathul Baari – Commentary of Sahih Al Bukhari, Pg.268, Vol.2, Qadimi Kutub Khana /Umdatul  Qaari, Pg.259, Vol.5. Maktaba Rashidiya, Queta, Pakistan).

While commenting on this act, the great Muhadith – Allama Yusuf Al Binori, author of Ma’rifus Sunan (Commentary of Tirmirzi) states in his book, “The explanation of these scholars refute the action adopted by some who lay great emphasis on touching  their ankles and feet to each other in forming the lines while attributing it to a ‘Sunnah’ practice. Those who adopt this practice, wrongfully link it back to a directive from the Prophet (S.A.). Due to their exaggeration in this habit, they are forced to adopt unusual forms in their Salaat which are contradictory to the standing posture in Salaat. It is often seen that their legs are kept wide apart and a large gap and space is created between their feet, bringing about an unnatural manner of the standing posture. This action is mainly due to one’s ignorance in understanding the real purpose of the statement of the Sahabahs, and therefore, adopts only the literal meaning, one which the followers of the Dhaahiri Mazhab have done”.

“As for the space which must exist between the both feet of the Musali while in Salaat, there is no fixed limit established from the traditions. It has been entrusted to the Musali to keep his feet apart in a comfortable position which enables him/her to have full concentration, humility, sincerity and devotion in Salaat”. (Ma’rifus Sunan, Pg.297, Vol.2, H.M. Saeed Company, Karachi 1983).

It is also recorded that according to the majority of the former scholars along with four Imams of Fiqh, ‘touching of the shoulders and feet in Salaat’ simply indicated to the rule that there should be no gaps between the Musalis in Salaat.

No one from amongst them adopted the literal meaning of any of those traditions. (Faidhul Baari –  Commentary of Sahih Al Bukhari by the great Muhadith and Faqih, Allama Shah Anwaar Al-Kashmiri, Pg.236, Vol.2, Maktaba Rasheediya, Queta).

In summary, what is required from the Musalis is that they should ensure that the lines are straight and that there is no gap and space between the lines. These are the guidelines which are narrated from the Prophet (S.A.) and are recorded in many books of Ahadith. Statements such as: ‘Fill the gaps’, ‘do not leave any space for Satan’, ‘stand straight and be close to each other’ are mentioned, and there is no statement or directive from the Prophet (S.A.) which requires a person to touch his ankles and feet in Salaat.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

23/10/2017

Joining the Imam in salah

QUESTION:

Assalaam Walaikum,
If i entered on the imaam during his 2nd rakaah in Maghrib and i joined him. Would i need to repeat my Salaah afyer completeing it with the Imaam?

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salam

No, you do not have to repeat your Salah. You were supposed to continue your Salah after he made the Salam, by performing the rakaat you missed. If you did not perform your missed rakaat and you ended the Salah with the Imam, you will have to repeat it.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

11/09/2017

Denial Salaah or Leaving out Salaah due to laziness

QUESTION:

As salamu alaykum i am a pure ignorant, and i want to have a detail answer about the one who abandon the salah is it  kaafir or not, what is the opinion of islam (the four school) with some proof used by these school.

1.The One Who Denies The Obligation Of Salah

2.THE ONE WHO ABANDONS THE PRAYER OUT OF LAZINESS OR OTHER REASONS

I speak to you because you are a alim , google its not a alim of madhab, jazak Allah khar.

 

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

All the scholars including the four Imams of fiqh have unanimously declared that one who denies the obligation of Salah is a kafir (unbeliever) and a murtad (apostate).

This is on account of his denial of an obligatory duty which is evident from the firm sources of the Quran, the Sunnah and Ijma. They have also stated that one who leaves off Salah out of laziness and negligence is a sinner and transgressor. (Al Fiqh Al Islami Wa Adilatihi Vol.1 Pg. 658 Maktaba Rasheediya Queta)

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

11/09/2017

What exactly does Makrooh Salaat mean?

Assalaamu Alaikum
I have seen few places you mentioned that salaah will be makrooh, like performing behind an Imam who shaves or clips his beard or jummah salaah is makrooh where khutba is in English.  What exactly does Makrooh Salaat mean? Does it mean there is no problem or is it a sin of some kind?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

Makrooh means an act which is disliked/reprehensible. When the Imam/leader does an action which is reprehensible in Islam and is in opposition to the instruction of the Prophet (S.A.S), then he is considered to be sinful in that regard. For example, shaving/trimming the beard shorter than a fist length is going against the teaching of the Prophet (S.A.S). This instruction is not one which is deemed to be light, but it has been given the ruling of being Wajib by all the Imams of Fiqh. When the Imam leads a Salaah in this condition, then he is leading it in the state where he has violated a clear-cut, essential injunction given by the Prophet (S.A.S) and hence, considered as sinful.

For this reason, the Salaah which he leads is not in its best manner due to his condition. Though, it will be valid and accepted, it will still be affected on account of his state. Therefore, Makrooh salaah means that the salaah is not in its 100% best form due to the presence of something which is against the teachings of Islam. However, it will still be valid and accepted. It will not be a sinful Salaah.

And Allah knows Best.

Mufti Waseeem Khan.

When should the Sunnah of Jummu’ah be performed?

Assalaamu Alaikum
If I arrive for jummah, and the English Bayan (given before the second azan and 2 Arabic kutbah is already in progress and usually some Quran and Hadith is referenced in the Bayan, Do I need to sit and listen or  can I pray my 4 rakaat Sunnah?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

If the English bayan is going on and you have not performed your four Sunnah as yet, then you must perform your four Sunnah and then listen to the bayan.

If however, a short time is given at the end of the English bayan for the performance of the four Sunnah (as it occurs in some Masjid), then you should sit and listen to the bayan, and then perform the four Sunnah at the time given for its performance.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

12/06/17.

Questions and Answers

This question is forwarded from a man in prison: ” A brother is leading ‘taraweeh’ and ‘witr’ but does not wash his feet for salaah but wipes over cotton socks. He is also reading from the book in order to lead the salaah. For the sake of unity I join the ranks with an intention to practice the prayers since the brother is not in wudhu .and is reading from the book. Is this the right approach?

Assalaamu Alaikum,

None of the Scholars and Jurists have allowed wiping over the normal cotton socks. If a person wipes over these socks, his wudhu will not be valid. Hence, you should not pray behind this person.

With respect to the act of reading directly from the Quran while in Salaah, some Scholars have stated that it is permissible, while others have not allowed it. The best is that it should not be done since it resembles the practice of ‘Ahl Kitab’ (people of the book).

With respect to joining with an intention to practice the prayer, then this is not a good intention. If you do this, then you must repeat your Salaah individually.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

29/5/17.

How can a person with a back problem perform Rukhu and Sajdah?

Assalamu Alaikum,

My mom has serious back pain due to a pinch nerve, she is unable to stand for all the Rakaahs as well as unable to go up and down. This is what she does, she will stand for the 1st Rakaah until the 1st Ruku. For the 1st Ruku she will sit on a chair.

After the 1st Ruku into the 1st Sijdah, from sitting on the chair she will go straight to the floor for Sijdah and remain there for the rest of the Rakaahs until Salams.

From the 1st Ruku to the 1st Sijdah she do not stand, she basicaaly kind of slide down from the chair to the floor and finish the Salaah on the floor.

Please advise what is permissible in her case.

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

What you have described is permissible and good. While sitting on the chair for ruku, she will need to bend slightly for ruku.

Due to her condition, it will allowed for her to go to the Sajdah posture form the chair, even though she did not stand up straight after doing the Ruku on the chair.

And Allah knows best,

Mufti Waseem Khan

22/05/2017