Category Archives: Fatwas

Islamic Verdict

Explaination on What is Zakaatul Fitr?

Assalaamu Alaikum, can you explain in detail zaakatul fitr and saadaqatul fitr. The difference, who can receive it, should it be food or money and if money how can there be a set rate. I am a little confused i have never heard anyone explain this.

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

Zakaatul Fitr and Sadaqatul Fitr both refer to the same thing.  It is the charity that is given on account of the day of Eid Ul Fitr. This is why it is called Zakaah Al Fitr or Sadaqah Al Fitr.

Those who are poor and needy can receive it. It can be given in food and also in cash. If it is given in food, then the following can be given:

  • 1 Saa’a of dates or barley. This is based on the tradition of Abdullah Bin Umar (R.A) who said, ‘The Messenger of Allah (S.A.S) prescribed the payment of Zakaat Ul Fitr of Ramadhan for people, for every freeman, or slave, male and female among the Muslims, one Saa of dried dates or one Saa of barley.’ (Muslim Hadith No.2149)
  • 1/2 Saa’a of wheat. This is based on the tradition of Abdullah Bin Umar (R.A) who said, ‘The Messenger of Allah prescribed the Sadqa of Ramadhan (Sadaqatul Fitr) one saa of dates or one saa of barley for every free man or a slave, male or female, and then the Muslims (Sahabahs and Tabieen), equalized (one saa of dates or barley) with half saa’a of wheat’. (Muslim – Hadith No. 2151).
  • 1 Saa’a of raisins, dried cottage cheese. This is based on the tradition of Abu Saeed Al Khudri (R.A) who said, ‘At the time of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.S) we used to give a saa of food on the day of Eid Ul Fitr.’ Abu Saeed then said, ‘And our food was barley, raisins dried cottage cheese and dates.’ (Sahih Al Bukhari Hadith no. 1408).

Based on the above, Sadaqatul Fitr can be given in dates, barley, raisins, cottage cheese, wheat and flour. The Scholars have stated in this regard, ‘If the staple food of a people is corn, pearl millet,  thin husk barley, rice or any grain on which Zakaat is obligatory then they may give it as Zakaat Al Fitr.’ (Al Umm).

With respect to the amount which must be given in these grains, many Scholars have stated that on behalf of a Muslim, one Saa’a of dates, barley, raisins, dried cottage cheese, wheat, corn or flour etc. will be given to the poor and needy. One Saa’a is equal to 2kg 174 grams or 43/4 lbs. According to many scholars, one Saa is equivalent to four full handfuls (of both hands) of grain; such handfuls being of an average size.

Other scholars have stated that if wheat is given, then half of a saa’a of wheat will be given, and if barley, raisin or dates is given then one saa’a will be given. According to these scholars, one saa’a is equal to 3kg 240 grams or 7lbs 2 ounces.

The preferred view is that one saa’a will be used as the measurement for any  grain or the staple food of any community since one saa’a has been clearly stated in authentic hadith for the calculation of Sadaqatul Fitr and it is of precaution. Also, according to some scholars, the usage of half a saa’a for wheat by the companions of the Prophet (S.A.S) was due to the reason that at that time, half of a saa’a of wheat was equal in value to one saa’a of other grains such as barley or dates or raisins.

Therefore, with the preferred view, 43/4 lbs or 2kg 174 grams of wheat, barley, raisins, dates, flour or any staple food etc. will be given as Sadaqatul Fitr on behalf of a Muslim individual.

With respect to paying Sadaqatul Fitr in money/cash, this is also permissible. The purpose of sadaqatul fitr is that this charity be given to the poor and needy so that it will be a help to them, particularly on the day of Eid so that they may also enjoy themselves and have sufficient to eat on this day. It also serves as purification for the giver against mistakes made while fasting.

Seeing that the Sadaqatul Fitr is to be given to help the poor and needy, consideration must be given to them so that they will not be in a state of want and deprivation. In our times, dates, raisins, barley, wheat is not from the staple foods that many people consume. Although these are used, they are not from the food/meals that people eat on a daily basis. Therefore, one needs to consider whether the above mentioned dry foods will help in satisfying the needs of the poor and needy today. In our times, fulfilling the needs of the poor and needy can be easily done with cash which they can use to purchase food and clothing on the day of Eid.

While shedding light on the above topic, the prominent Muslim economist Dr. Monzer Kahf writes, ‘Zakaatul Fitr can be paid in cash if cash is better from the point of view of the recipient poor.’

‘We have correct sayings by the Prophet (S.A.S) that the due Zakaat Ul Fitr is one saa’a of barley, dates, raisins, or dried yoghurt. These were common foods in Madinah and its surroundings. At the time of the companions (Sahabahs), wheat started to become a food item for the well-to-do families, and was a lot more expensive than barley. They estimated that one saa of barley is equivalent in value to half saa’a of wheat.’

‘Consequently, we have several reports from the time of the companions that they substituted value for the items that are mentioned in the saying of the Prophet (S.A.S).’

‘Ibn Taimiyah, one of the prominent Scholars of the early ninth century of Hijrah, argued that the payment of Zakaatul Fitr in cash in metropolitan area such as Damascus where he lived, is actually better for the poor.’

When the cash value is given in Sadaqatul Fitr, then it will be equivalent to one saa’a which is 43/4 lbs of wheat/flour.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

22/06/17.

Do I have to pay Zakaat on equipment for rent?

If someone has a business renting equipment’s like compactors and jackhammers etc. and the all those tools worth $60,000.00. That person was in a debt and also had to sell a piece of land to repay it and the debt was repaid. The land was sold 4 months ago.  Does that person have to pay zakat on business and the remaining amount of money? I was told that a year has to pass on the savings before paying.

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

Zakaat is not paid on equipments that are for rent. It is only paid on items and equipments you have for sale. Hence, you will not be required to pay zakat on the compactors, jack hammer etc. What you will have to do is pay zakat on whatever monies which may come about from rentals and are together with your savings. After a year has passed over your Nisaab, then you will pay 21/2 % on the total amount of money in your savings.

A year is not required to pass over your savings specifically. From the time your money (savings) had reached the nisaab, you will check one year from that date. Then when one year has passed from that date, you will look at all the monies which you have achieved during the course of the year. This will include monies gained from renting equipments and the money which remained from the sale of the land after repaying the debt.

Upon the completion of the year, you will pay Zakaat upon the entire amount after subtracting whatever debts, bills etc. you will have to pay from that money.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

22/06/17.

Eid Salaah Open Air or In Masjid

Question:

Assalaamu Alaikum

Can you enlightened me of the eid salah should be open air or in a mosque.
Thank you

Answer:

Wa Alaikumus Salam

It is Sunnah to perform the Eid Salaah in ‘open-air’ rather than in a mosque. It is narrated in authentic traditions that it was the Sunnah of the Prophet (S.A) to leave his mosque for the Eid Salaah and perform it in the Musallah (open prayer place) which was at the outer gate of Madinah. All the Imams of Fiqh have also stated that it is Sunnah to observe the Eid Salaah in ‘open-air’. Open-air refers to an open field or area where everyone can gather for the Eid Salaah. In the absence of the availability of such a place, and for good reasons, the Eid Salaah will be performed in the mosque.

With respect to having Eid Salaah in ‘open-air’, those who are in charge of establishing and overlooking this, must ensure that proper facilities are made to avoid the intermingling and mixing of males and females. A proper purdah/barrier system must be placed to ensure that women achieve the privacy that they require, and that the laws of the Sacred Shariah are adopted in this regard.

If proper barriers/screens etc are not placed, and women and men are allowed to mix freely, the Scholars/Jurists have written that women must not attend such ‘open-air’ for Eid Salaah.

And Allah Knows Best

Mufti Waseem Khan

15/6/2017

 

Zakaat on Loan (Lent Out)

Question:

Assalaamu Alikum Mufti Waseem

I just wanted to find out something with regards to Zakat. If you lend some one money and they have not paid you back up till date..do you still have to include it in the Nisaab when you are calculating your Zakat??
Jazaak Allah

 

Wa Alaikum As Salaam

Seeing that you are the owner of the money you lent out, you will be required to include it in your savings while calculating your Zakaat, even though they have not paid it back as yet. If it is difficult to do so at the present moment, then you can wait until you collect the monies owed to you and pay the Zakaat on it at that time (when you receive it).

And Allah Knows Best

Mufti Waseem Khan

14/6/2017

Janaza for Suicide Bombing

Question 

A person professing to be a Muslim who commits a terrorist attack against civilians and in the process kills himself (suicide bombing) is obviously a despicable person.

In such a scenario:

  1. Will this person be given ghusl and will Janaza prayer be NECESSARY for him?
  2. If Janaza is NECESSARY for him, can the ulama refuse to perform the Janaza due to the heinous nature of the crime?
  3. If all the ulama refuse to perform the Janaza, it is assumed that the common people WILL still HAVE to perform it. Is this understanding correct?

Answer

Assalaamu Alaikum

These acts are heinous and despicable, and are major sins in Islam which will bring about severe punishment in the life hereafter. Howbeit, the person will still be a Muslim and ghusl and Janaza will be necessary for him. On account of these grave sins, the Ulama can refuse to perform the Janaza. However, some of the common people (Muslims) will have to do it.

And Allah Knows Best

Mufti Waseem Khan

15/6/2017

Muslim Women Wearing Pants

 

Question

Assalamu Alaikum,
Someone proposed a question to me and had me thinking.

I will like to know if it is stated anywhere that muslim women are not allowed to wear pants?

To my knowledge we are allowed to wear loose pants that are not  revealing.

Jazak Allah Khair

Answer

Wa Alaikum As Salaam

Muslim women are allowed to wear loose pants that are not fitted and are not thin (in material). This, they can wear within their homes where they are seen by only the Maharim (blood relatives). If they are exiting their homes, then they should wear a top (long blouse, Qamees or gown) to cover the pants.

And Allah Knows Best

Mufti Waseem Khan

14/6/2017

What exactly does Makrooh Salaat mean?

Assalaamu Alaikum
I have seen few places you mentioned that salaah will be makrooh, like performing behind an Imam who shaves or clips his beard or jummah salaah is makrooh where khutba is in English.  What exactly does Makrooh Salaat mean? Does it mean there is no problem or is it a sin of some kind?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

Makrooh means an act which is disliked/reprehensible. When the Imam/leader does an action which is reprehensible in Islam and is in opposition to the instruction of the Prophet (S.A.S), then he is considered to be sinful in that regard. For example, shaving/trimming the beard shorter than a fist length is going against the teaching of the Prophet (S.A.S). This instruction is not one which is deemed to be light, but it has been given the ruling of being Wajib by all the Imams of Fiqh. When the Imam leads a Salaah in this condition, then he is leading it in the state where he has violated a clear-cut, essential injunction given by the Prophet (S.A.S) and hence, considered as sinful.

For this reason, the Salaah which he leads is not in its best manner due to his condition. Though, it will be valid and accepted, it will still be affected on account of his state. Therefore, Makrooh salaah means that the salaah is not in its 100% best form due to the presence of something which is against the teachings of Islam. However, it will still be valid and accepted. It will not be a sinful Salaah.

And Allah knows Best.

Mufti Waseeem Khan.

When should the Sunnah of Jummu’ah be performed?

Assalaamu Alaikum
If I arrive for jummah, and the English Bayan (given before the second azan and 2 Arabic kutbah is already in progress and usually some Quran and Hadith is referenced in the Bayan, Do I need to sit and listen or  can I pray my 4 rakaat Sunnah?

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

If the English bayan is going on and you have not performed your four Sunnah as yet, then you must perform your four Sunnah and then listen to the bayan.

If however, a short time is given at the end of the English bayan for the performance of the four Sunnah (as it occurs in some Masjid), then you should sit and listen to the bayan, and then perform the four Sunnah at the time given for its performance.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

12/06/17.

How will a person with hyperhidrosis fast?

Assalaamu Alaikum. If a person suffers from primary hyperhidrosis (meaning that they sweat excessively); it is a genetic and hereditary disease, is fasting still compulsory on them. When fasting, they feel weak and thirsty and dehydrated. Is it allowed for them to skip some fasts in between? And they would do the Qadha after Ramadan intermittently. The problem is something that they have no control over.  And treatments for it have side-effects that much, much worse than the problem itself.

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

Fasting will still be compulsory upon the person in this state. Such a person must begin the fast in the morning with the firm intention to observe the fast. If, during the day, the person becomes so thirsty and dehydrated that continuing the fast becomes unbearable, then one will be allowed to break the fast at that time to save oneself from severe harm.

The missed fasts will have to be made up after Ramadhan when it is easy for the person to do so. Therefore, the person should begin the fast every day. He must not neglect the fast from the morning. He must start the fast from the morning. Then, during the day, the person will assess himself. If the fast can be continued without severe hardships, it must be kept until the time of sunset.  If he cannot continue, on account of the problem as mentioned before, then the person can break the fast and make up for the days afterwards.

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

06/06/17.

Hadith mentioning the best gift for a child

Assalaamu Alaikum. I would like to know the exact quote that the prophet said about the best gift a parent could bestow to a child is education.

Wa Alaikum Assalaam,

The Hadith is, ‘There is no gift a father gives his child more virtuous than good manners.’ (Tirmidhi Hadith No.4977).

Some translators have translated the hadith as, ‘A father gives his child nothing better than a good education.’ You will find that some translations have the words ‘good manners’ and others have ‘good education’.

The words ‘good manners’ is better since this is the proper translation for the Arabic used in the hadith. The Arabic hadith stated by the Prophet (S.A.S) is:

“‏ مَا نَحَلَ وَالِدٌ وَلده مِنْ نَحْلٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ أَدَبٍ حَسَنٍ

‘Maa Nahala Waalidun Waladahu Min Nahlin Afdhala Min Adabin Hasanin.’

The words at the end of the hadith are ‘Adabin Hasanin’, which means ‘good manners’. Therefore, the exact quote and best translation of the hadith is ‘A father has not given a gift to his son/child more virtuous than good manners.’

And Allah Knows Best.

Mufti Waseem Khan.

06/06/17.