Moon Not Seen
Respected Ulamaa and Brothers,
The crescent moon to commence the month of Jumaadal Uulaa 1435 AH was looked for after the sunset of Saturday 1st March 2014. Reports from all committees locally and regional confirm that the moon was NOT SIGHTED.
The Darul Uloom Moonsighting Committee has accepted these reports and has declared that the month of Rabiiul Aakhir 1435 AH will complete 30 days and the 1st night of Jumaadul Uulaa will be the night of Sunday 2nd March 2014 and the first day of Jumaadal Uulaa will be the day of Monday 3rd March 2014.
عَن أَنَس؛ أَنَّ النَّبِيّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرَّ بِقَوْمٍ مُبْتَلِينَ فَقَالَ: أَمَا كَانَ هَؤُلاءِ يَسْأَلُونَ اللَّهَ الْعَافِيَةَ
Hazrat Anas (R.A) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) came across some people who faced anxiety and difficulty. He asked, “Do these people not ask Allah for security?”
Bazaar, Hadith No.6643, Pg.190, Vol.13, Darul Kutub Ilmiya
This is a beautiful tradition of the Prophet (SAW) that tells us that one must learn to call on Allah and supplicate to him.
Asking Allah for security and goodness, remove difficulty and hardship. Hence instead of becoming depressed and overcome with sadness, the believer should raise his hand to Allah and beg for His protection, security and relief from all difficulties. Inshaa Allah, the believers’ supplication will surely be answered.
The hadith explains that when the Prophet (SAW) saw some people were faced with anxiety and difficulty, he surprisingly asked as to why these people were not asking Allah for security. Meant to say that if they had asked Allah for this, then He would have remove their pain, uneasiness and fear. In the same manner, if we ask Allah to remove our troubles and difficulties, He would certainly do so.
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى
اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ” مَا عَلَى الأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ يَقُولُ: لَا
إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ،
إِلَّا كُفِّرَتْ عَنْهُ خَطَايَاهُ وَلَوْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ البَحْرِ
Abdullah bin Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) said, There isn’t anyone on the face of the earth who says,
لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّه
‘Laa ilaha illallah wallahu Akbar wa laa Hawla wa laa Quwwata illa billah’
(there is no power and no might except with Allah, the Exalted, the Mighty)
excepting Allah will remove his sins even though it would be similar to the froth of the oceans.”
Tirmizi, Hadith No.3460, Pg.485, Vol.2, Altaf and Sons
A wonderful prescription for the removal of sins has been given by the noble Messenger of Allah in the above hadith.
Sins are part of human life, and no matter what the state of a person is, he falls into sins.
It is about this the Prophet (SAW) said, ‘every son of Adam is a sinner, and the best of them is he who repents’.
As such, while being unable to completely avoid minor/major sins, mistakes, errors etc. In one’s life, one can become the best person by repenting to Allah.
The above hadith gives a very easy and sure way of receiving Allah’s forgiveness for the sins committed, and having them removed from one’s book of deeds.
The hadith says whosoever says ‘Laa ilaha illallah wallahu Akbar wa laa Hawla wa laa Quwwata illa billah’ will have his sins removed even though they are as much as the froth in the oceans.
As Muslims we should therefore seize the opportunity of reciting this dhikr frequently.
عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ قَالَ قَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ
عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ اتَّقِ اللَّهِ حَيْثُمَا كُنْتَ وَأَتْبِعْ السَّيِّئَةَ
الْحَسَنَةَ تَمْحُهَا وَخَالِقِ النَّاسَ بِخُلُقٍ حَسَنٍ
Abu Dhar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: ‘The Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) said to me: “Fear Allah wherever you may be, follow every sin committed with a good deed as it erases it (the sin) and live with people with a most refined character and conduct.”
(Tirmidhi Hadith # 1987, Page 55, Juz 2, Publisher Altaf and Sons).
Allaamah Ibn Rajab Al Hanbali (may Allah have mercy upon him) in his famous book Jaami’ul Uloom wal Hikam explains taqwa as follows. The thing which a servant places towards Allah by making between himself and what he fears from Allah’s anger, wrath and punishment a defence and precautionary measure, which ultimately leads him to do such things that are in the obedience of Allah and keep him away from sins.
This quality of fearing Allah wherever one may be, is really at all times to stay away from haram and anything associated to the disobedience of Allah and to do what Allah has commanded and anything that brings us closer to Him.
The second advice the Prophet (May peace and blessings be upon him) is giving, is to follow up every abominable and unlawful act with a good deed. Two apparent reasons can be given.
- By doing good actions it rekindles the light of one’s Imaan in his heart which keep a level of consciousness of Allah
- Allah has mentioned in the Quran ‘Certainly good actions shun away evil deeds, this is a reminder for the mindful.’ Surah Hud, verse 114.
Good deeds assist in getting rid of sins and make even a habitual sinful person eventually guided to stop his wrong and encouraged to do good.
The last advice is no other than adopting the character of the Prophet (May peace and blessings be upon him) in every aspect of our lives. As Allah mentions in the Quran ‘And most surely you conform to a most sublime character.’ Surat Al-Qalam, Verse 4.
Verse 16 continues to highlight other traits of the true believers and states:
تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ
خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنْفِقُونَ
16. Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (charity in Allah’s Cause) out of what We have bestowed on them.
The verse mentions another outstanding attribute of the true believers and states that they are those ‘whose sides part from their beds’. This refers to those who perform Tahajjud Salaah. These servants sleep only for a short while at nights, and then forsake their beds to stand before Allah in devotion and worship. In this state, they pray fervently to Allah, hoping for His mercy and blessings and fearing His punishment.
While explaining the verse ‘Their sides forsake their beds’ many scholars have stated that it refers to the Tahajjud Salaah (standing at night) since this is evident from the traditions of the Prophet (S.A). In part of a long hadith narrated by Muaz bin Jabal (R.A), he says that the Prophet (S.A) said,
سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِأَبْوَابٍ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ: الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ، وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ
الْعَبْدِ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ “. ثُمَّ قَرَأَ
“ تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنْفِقُونَ”
‘Should I not inform you of the doors of goodness?’ (They are):‘Fasting is a shield, charity (sadaqah) extinguishes sins just as water extinguishes fire and the Salaah of a person in the middle of the night’. After mentioning this, the Prophet (S.A) recited the verse, ‘Their sides’ part from their beds, they supplicate to their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend from what We have provided for them’. (Sura As Sajdah verse 16). (Recorded by Tirmizi, Hadith No.2616, Pg.245, Vol.2, Altaf and Sons / Ibn Majah, Hadith No.3973, Pg.1314, Vol.2, Maktaba Tijariya and Ahmad, Hadith No.22129, Pg.247, Vol.8, Darul Fikr)
It is recorded that the verse also speaks about those who will wait for Salaatul Isha. In this regard, Anas bin Malik (R.A) states,
أَنَّ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ المَضَاجِعِ نَزَلَتْ فِي انْتِظَارِ هَذِهِ الصَّلَاةِ الَّتِي
‘the verse, ‘Their sides forsake their beds (in worship to Allah)’ was revealed about those who waited for the Isha Salaah’. (Tirmizi, Hadith No.3196, Pg.414, Vol.2, Altaf and Sons / Tafseer Al Qurtubi, Vol.14, Pg.92, Maktab Rasheedya).
It is also narrated from Anas (R.A), Ikrama, Muhammad bin Al Munkadir, Qatada and Abu Hazim that the verse refers to those believers who used to perform optional (nafl) Salaah between Maghrib and Isha Salaah’. (Tafseer Al Qurtubi, Vol.14, Pg.92, Maktab Rasheedya / Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Vol.3, Pg.459, Amjad Academy, Lahore, Pakistan / Tafseer Ibn Jareer At Tabari, Vol.22, Pg.115-116, Dar Ihya At Turath Al Arabi)
Some other Sahabahs like Abu Darda (R.A), Ubadah (R.A), along with Dhahak (A.R) have stated that this quality of the believers which states that ‘their sides forsake their beds (for Allah’s worship)’ refers to those who perform both the Isha and Fajr Salaah in congregation (Jamaah). It is also narrated from Dhahak that the verse refers to those who are constantly engaged in the remembrance of Allah, whether it is in Salaah, standing, sitting, lying, or waking up from sleep. This has also been narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas (R.A). (Tafseer At Tabari, Vol.22, Pg.117, Dar Ihya At Turath Al Arabi)
With respect to the different views expressed about those who ‘forsake their beds invoking their Lord in fear and hope,’ the commentators have stated that there is no contradiction in these opinions. The verse includes all these statements, since the objective of highlighting this trait of the believers is to show that they sleep little at night and wake up for the Ibadah (worship) of Allah. Hence, whoever wakes during any period of the night for the worship of Allah in Salaah, or is engaged in His remembrance, he will be considered as having parted from his bed for the worship of Allah. (Tafseer At Tabari, Vol.22, Pg.118, Dar Ihya At Turath Al Arabi).
Although all the different explanations are accepted by the scholars, the opinion which is the best according to the great commentators is that the verse refers to those who forsake their beds for the Tahajjud Salaah (that is, standing during the latter portion of the night in optional (nafl) Salaah).
About this, Imam Qurtubi has stated, ‘this is the opinion of the overwhelming majority of exegetes and commentators of the Holy Quran and most of the scholars hold this view’. He says, ‘This is the opinion of Mujahid, Awza’i, Imam Malik, Hasan, Abul Aliyah and many others’. (Tafseer Al Qurtubi, Vol.14, Pg.91, Maktab Rasheedya).
Hafiz Ibn Jareer At Tabari has also stated that this is the preferred and best opinion in his view. (Tafseer At Tabari, Vol.22, Pg.118, Dar Ihya At Turath Al Arabi)
The verse also mentions that the true believers are those who call on Allah with fear and hope. These two qualities form an integral part of the life of a Muslim, and in everything he does, he must exercise fear and hope. As such, when he performs good deeds, he must hope for the blessings from Allah, and when he abstains from sins, he must fear the punishment of Allah).
The verse further states that the true believers spend from the wealth that Allah has given to them. This includes Zakaat and other forms of charity. Be it little or a great deal, a true believer always looks for the opportunity to spend in the cause of Allah since this is a sign of true faith and love for Allah.
With respect to the proper understanding of fear and hope, (as mentioned in the above verse), the great scholar, Mulla Ali Qaari (A.R) has written, ‘True and praiseworthy fear is that which comes between its possessor and what Allah Most High has prohibited. If it goes beyond this, it could become hopelessness and despair. Praiseworthy hope is when a person performs acts of obedience through a light from Allah and anticipates His reward, or when one commits a sin and then repents to Allah hoping for forgiveness. As for one who is constantly indulging in excesses and wrongdoings and is entertaining hopes of mercy from Allah without doing good deeds, then this is a delusion, empty wishing and false hope’.
‘Abu Ali Al Rawdhbari (A.R) says, ‘Fear and hope are like the two wings of a bird, if they are both balanced, then the bird is stable in flight, and if there is an imbalance, then it could lead the bird to its death’. (Sharh Al Fiqhul Akbar, Pg.92, Qadeemi Kutub Khana, Karachi)