NAMING A BABY GIRL

QUESTION:

As Salaam Alaikum,

Can you tell me what is the correct spelling and pronunciation for a girl’s name, which is pronounced Ah-Ree-Ahh…

1. Thinking it’s either Aria or Arya. Which is more suitable?
2. What is the meaning of both in Arabic?
3. Are either of these suitable for a Muslim girl?

 

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikkum As Salaam,

  1. Arya is more suitable
  2. This name is not from the Arabic language. It is from the Persian language spelt as آريا.

It can be written as ‘Arya’, but pronounced as Aaryaa, as this conforms to the way it is spelt in the original Persian language.

  1. The name Arya is suitable for a Muslim girl. It means ‘wise’ or ‘noble’.

 

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

11/12/2017

 

SECOND WIFE IN ISLAM

QUESTION:

Is it permissible for a man married for 18years with two young children to take a second wife just to secure a business deal. The man is saying there is no personal attachment to the second wife because he does not financially support her, he does not live with her and there was never any sexual relations with her. He only meets her for business meetings and they go there separate ways. Also she is free to have a personal life and he does not care. They both agreed to this and as soon as there business deal comes through they will dissolve the marriage.  She is getting 25% financial rewards in all this.  As his first wife how am I suppose to accept this especially since I was unaware of it until her father informed me who is also extremely upset. She is older than me divorced and has a ten year old child.  My husband has said I have nothing to worry about. He indicated to me he asked her to spiritually marry him for loyalty to the deal which she also said to me.   Can you please guide me.

ANSWER:

As Salaam Alaikum,

What you have described is a marriage of convenience which the Shariah does not accept. The man is using the facility of marriage for his own personal gains and is not concerned and prepared to fulfilled his obligations as a husband in the marriage.

The manner in which the both parties are conducting themselves shows that they do not believe they are married to each other. It is simply a ‘cover up’ for their meeting and mingling with each other.

In Islam, marriage brings with it, responsibilities, duties and commitment from each party. However, in the situation which you have described we find that:

  • The man has no personal attachment to the second wife.
  • He does not financially support her.
  • He does not live with her or spend any time with her.
  • He never had sexual relations with her.
  • He meets her only for business meetings.
  • The second wife has her own personal life which is of no concern to the man.
  • He asked her to spiritually marry him.
  • They will dissolve the marriage as soon as business deal comes through.

All the above shows that there is really no marriage between the both parties. They have conveniently used the sacred institution of marriage in Islam, especially the allowance for a polygamous marriage, to justify their actions. Their agreement to conduct themselves in this manner is null and void, since the above conditions which they have made, are all invalid conditions. According to the Shariah, a marriage which is contracted with invalid conditions will be invalid. Therefore, their marriage with each other on these conditions in not valid and legal in Islam, and they do not have a marriage with each other. The man is required to immediately stop this Haram relationship and repent to Allah for what has happened so far. If he wants to keep the marriage, then he must live with this woman as his second wife and fulfill all the responsibilities as a husband, with respect to financial support and maintenance, living with her and spending time with her, just as he does with the first wife, and keeping her in a comfortable residence just as he had done for the first wife. If he cannot fulfill these conditions, then it is Haram (unlawful) for him to take a second wife.

As for being spiritually married to another one, there is nothing like this in Islam. This is merely a fabricated concept which the man entertains in his mind.

 

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

11/12/2017

THE RULING ON ORGANS REPAIR WITH ANIMAL PARTS

It is permissible to use limbs/organs/parts of those animals which are permissible for Muslims to consume for an organ trans-plant to the human body, when there is fear of losing life or there is a fear of losing a limb or organ and that the replacement can only be found in animals.

With respect to using a part of the pig, this is generally disallowed and prohibited. However, if there is a risk of losing one’s life, and nothing else is available, then it will be permissible to use this to the extent of necessity.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

04/12/2017

Pension Plans and Education Funds

QUESTION:

Dear Mufti,

Can you say if pension plans that are interest free and accident and emergency medical plans together with education plans for children to go uwi is permissible from Guardian life?

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ANSWER:

As Salaam Alaikum,

Pension plans that are interest free is permissible.

The accident and emergency medical plan is really an ‘Accident Insurance’ offered by Guardian life. This operates like other form of insurances where Gharar (uncertainty) is found. Hence, it will not be permissible.

Education plans for children is another product of Guardian life which encourages one to put aside/save or contribute towards a child’s future education. This on its own is good when it is connected to simply saving monies for the future education of one’s child. However, in many cases an ‘Education plan’ is combined with an insurance. The purpose of being combined with an insurance is that if something happens to the parent or if he/she becomes disable or passes away, then the child will still receive the predetermined payout amount when the plan matures. The Insurance ensures that the child’s education will continue if the savings portion is not sufficient to pay out the child’s education. Therefore if the ‘Education plan’ is combined with savings and insurance, then it will not be permissible due to the unlawful elements present in Insurance. If a person has taken out such a plan, then it will be permissible for him to benefit from the savings portion which was contributed to the fund.

If the ‘Education plan’ deals only with the savings of a person which he contributes on a monthly basis and builds up a fixed fund over several years, then this is permissible.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

30/11/2017

Is Forex Trading Permissible?

QUESTION:

Assalamu Alaikum,

Mufti,

My question today is based on if Forex Trading is Permissible in Islam?

I have been doing some research for myself but i need advice from you. From certain articles online it is said that the prophet pbuh said it was permissible to trade currencies once it is done immediately and at the current market price.

Now this brings us to trading on the forex market presently. when you trade you either buy or sell a currency pair at a price now that price will fluctuate influencing you to either buy or sell now that moment of buying or selling will come from your own idea or from charts being provided online you then place your money on the trade but lets say you enter at a certain price for buying but the market turns around you will be losing. it is something that is never guaranteed.
(like playing lotto etc you buy a ticket and you either win or lose)
when you enter a trade you either win or lose.

Sorry for the long email but it something i need some clarification on.
I am a revert so I need scholars advice to help me in making these decisions.

JazakAllah Kair

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ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

Trading in currencies (foreign exchange) is permissible in Islam with the following:-

  1. The Transaction between the two parties must be done immediately without delay on any side.
  2. The two currencies that are traded in, must be exchanged on the spot without delay.
  3. Currencies traded in, must be actually owned and possessed by a person. When the currency exchange takes place, the actual delivery of currency (sold) by the seller must take place, and the actual taking possession of the currency by the purchaser must take place. Both parties must take possession of the currencies traded in, in the same sitting and there must be no delay on any one side.
  4. No element of interest must be present in the transaction.

 

The above conditions must be present for the validity of trading in currencies.

 

With respect to Forex trading via the internet, it is seen that some of the conditions laid in Islam for currency trading is not present. For example, when real/actual possession, ownership and delivery must take place, it is seen that in Forex Trading (via the internet), forex traders do not expect to take actual delivery of the currency they are buying, and they do not actually own the currency they are selling. They are simply speculating that the value of one will go up and the value of another will go down.

 

Similarly, while interest is totally prohibited in Islam, one finds that in Forex trading markets, interest is charged for not using the deal at the same day. In some cases, the agent sells something which he does not possess, and is forbidden in Islam.

 

Hence, in my opinion, Forex trading markets (via the internet) will not be permissible.

 

And Allah knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

1/12/17

DEATH IN SERVICE BENEFITS

QUESTION:

Hazrat, Death in Service is a benefit offered by most western employers where they pay 3/4 times your salary to your spouse/dependants. I believe you become eligible after certain few years of service.

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

The ‘Death in service’ benefit will be halal for your family since it is given from the monies which you and your employers contributed to while you were employed at the company.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

29/10/2017

DEFINITION OF KHALWAH BIL AJNABIYYAH.

QUESTION:

As salamu alaykum what is the definition of Khalwah Bil Ajnabiyyah?

Jazak Allah Khayr

 

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

‘Khalwah bil Ajnabiyyah’ means to be in seclusion or to be alone with a woman /girl who is not blood- related to you.

This is totally haram in Islam.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Knah

28/11/2017

 

THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE OF ATTENDING A CHRISTIAN OR HINDU FUNERAL

QUESTION:

 

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

What you did by standing together with them for hymns and prayers was Haraam. In fact, it was not permissible for you to attend such a gathering where prayers and hymns comprising of shirk were said. You should seek forgiveness from Allah, and must not repeat such an action in the future.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

28/11/2017

 

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

What you did by standing together with them for hymns and prayers was Haraam. In fact, it was not permissible for you to attend such a gathering where prayers and hymns comprising of shirk were said. You should seek forgiveness from Allah, and must not repeat such an action in the future.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

28/11/2017

TAKING UP A CAREER IN ISLAM

QUESTION:

السلام عليكم
I would like to know if being a police officer a good career to have in a islamic perspective…

ANSWER:

Wa Alaikum As Salaam,

Generally, a Muslim is required to adopt a means of livelihood and a career, where it is easy for him to practice his religion. It is not permissible to intentionally get into something where one knows very well that he will have to compromise in his religious teachings and at times, may even have to leave out certain important and essential practices of his religion.

Therefore, if in being a police officer, a person believes that he can continue to practice his religious teachings without compromise, then he can go ahead to be a police officer. However, if in doing so, a person knows that he will have to compromise, and leave out some of his religious practices, then he should go for this profession.

And Allah Knows best

Mufti Waseem Khan

28/11/2017

Institute of Higher Islamic Studies & Secondary Education